SPARC Trends is based on the results of the 1997/98, 1998/99 and 2000/01 Sport and Physical Activity Surveys. More than 12,500 New Zealand adults (people aged 18 and over) and more than 4,000 young people (5-17 year olds) were asked about their participation in physical activity and sport for these surveys.
Results are shown for all young people, boys and girls, and for different age and ethnicity groups.
For adults, results are discussed for all adults, men and women, different age and ethnicity groups, as well as by available household income and level of educational achievement. In addition, significant differences within the regional sports trust areas are presented, as well as trends for special demographic groups of older adults (aged 55 years or over) and volunteers (people who participate in sport and active leisure in a capacity other than as a participant, which can include being involved as a coach/instructor, referee/other official, administrator, or parent helper, either paid or unpaid).
This report focuses primarily (but not solely) on trends or changes that are statistically significant - they have been tested at the 95% confidence level, meaning that there is a 95% chance that a real difference exists between the different years in which the surveys were conducted. Accordingly, where changes are referred to as 'significant', it means the changes are statistically significant. In a number of cases, there may be relatively large differences that are commented on but that cannot be considered statistically significant because of the small samples involved; these should be treated as indicative rather than conclusive.